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Teresa Berganza

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Biography

Mezzo-soprano Teresa Berganza's career always had something of a Spanish flavor to it, even though she excelled in Mozart and Rossini roles and other elements of the traditional repertory. She consistently championed Spanish music, from zarzuela (the Spanish musical theater genre), to the songs of Granados and Falla. She also sang the title role of Carmen frequently, bringing her own unique sense of the character (as well as extensive research, much of it in Spain, observing Spanish gypsy women) to both stage and recordings. A musician of unusual breadth and ability, Berganza was an accomplished pianist and organist, and even studied conducting and composition. Her voice, which had an impressive upper extension, managed to cross boundaries as well: in 1960 she was offered the role of Violetta -- a mainstay of the soprano repertory -- in Verdi's La traviata at La Scala in Milan. Berganza studied at the Madrid Conservatory, under Lola Rodriguez Aragon, who herself studied with Elisabeth Schumann. She credits her teacher with the complete process of her development, from a raw talent to a polished artist; throughout her career, she continued to study with Aragon, developing interpretations or working out minor vocal problems. Berganza made her professional debut in 1956 at the Madrid Athenaeum in Schumann's song cycle Frauenliebe und -Leben, and made her operatic debut at the Aix-in-Provence Festival as Dorabella in Così fan tutte. She made her Glyndebourne debut in 1958 as Cherubino. In the same year, she made her U.S. debut in Dallas, singing the comprimario role of Neris in a production of Medea. The Medea was Maria Callas, and Berganza later declared that she never learned as much about musical drama and stage discipline as from Callas, who treated her "like a younger sister," even insisting that Berganza be allowed to portray Neris as a young woman close to Medea's own age, rather than an older, matronly figure, as was customary. Berganza made her Covent Garden debut as Rosina in 1960; throughout the 1960s and early 1970s she sang mostly Rossini and Mozart. She made her Met debut as Cherubino in 1967. Berganza first sang Carmen in 1977, and described it later as a deeply liberating experience -- personally as well as musically. In preparing the role, she visited Seville to observe gypsy women, read the original novel by Prosper Merimee, and studied the score deeply. She developed her own perceptions of Carmen: she was a free spirit within a restrictive culture, but far from being a prostitute or a tramp, and even possessing a certain sweetness. While many critics applauded her presentation, others found it lacking in blood and guts -- too "ladylike." (Berganza countered this with her observation that, far from being the flamboyant, hand-on-the-hip, promiscuous creatures of popular thinking, real Spanish gypsy women in fact follow a fairly rigid standard of decorum.) She brought the same kind of original thinking to the role of Zerlina in Don Giovanni, and in the famous Joseph Losey film, she sang her as a fully mature and sensual young woman, rather than a simple and bedazzled girl. Berganza was also a prominent recitalist, specializing in Spanish song. Among her recordings, her Rosina (one of the most beautiful on record), and her collection of Spanish songs on Claves are both outstanding.
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Top Tracks

  1.   Track
    Popularity
  2.   Agua, Azucarillos y Aguardiente, zarzuela~ by English Chamber Orchestra
  3.   Stravinsky: Pulcinella Ballet In One Act - Revised Version Of 1947 - 7. Allegretto "Contento forse vivere" featuring Claudio Abbado
  4.   de Falla: El sombrero de tres picos / Part 2 - Danza del molinero (Farruca) featuring Boston Symphony Orchestra
  5.   Cosi fan tutte, K. 588: Acte I. Terzetto "E voi ridete?"
  6.   Alceste, Acte 1: "Divinités du Styx
  7.   Cavalli: La Didone - Arranged by Raimond Leppard / Act 1 - Lamento di Cassandra: L'alma fiacca svanì
  8.   Elena E Paride - O Del Mio Dolce Ardor
  9.   Caldara: Selve amiche - Arranged by Luigi Dallapiccola
  10.   La Chavala
  11.   El Niño Judio, zarzuela~ by English Chamber Orchestra
  12.   Pergolesi: Confusa, smarrita
  13.   Cosi fan tutte, K. 588: Acte II. Quartetto "La mano a me date"
  14.   El Bateo (Muy Buenos Días Señor)
  15.   Handel: Alcina / Act 2 - Verdi prati, selve amene featuring London Symphony Orchestra
  16.   La del Manojo de Rosas (No Corte Más Que una Rosa)
  17.   Sept Chansons Populaires Espagnoles: VII. Polo
  18.   Medea - Medea, O Medea
  19.   Valderrábano: De dónde venis, amore? by Narciso Yepes
  20.   Vedrai, carino...
  21.   Cosi fan tutte, K. 588: Acte I. Andante "Dove son?"
  22.   de Falla: La vida breve - original version / Act 2 - Qué gracia! Qué buscan ustedes aquí? featuring Alicia Nafé
  23.   Paño Murciano
  24.   Cosi fan tutte, K. 588: Acte II. Aria "Una donna a quindici anni"
  25.   Rossini: Semiramide / Act 1 - Bel raggio lusinghier by London Symphony Orchestra
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