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The Jaguars

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Biography

The Jaguars came together on the campus of L.A.'s Fremont High, home to some of the finest doo wop groups, including contemporaries like Dootones, Calvanes, Meadowlarks, Medallions, and Penguins. The school was one of the first high schools in the United States to integrate their classes, in 1954, and the Jaguars were themselves one of the very first racially integrated vocal groups of the '50s: Texas-born lead tenor Herman Chaney (aka Sonny Chaney) and Louisiana-born bass singer Charles Middleton were both black, while Detroit-born second tenor Valerio "Val" Poliuto was white and baritone Manuel "Manny" Chavez was a Hispanic and the only native Californian in the group. The group originally called themselves the Miracles (they were one of the first groups to do so) and recorded a lot of material for John Dolphin's various labels in the mid-'50s, though no songs were released. (Dolphin was a well-known Central Ave. music mogul who also owned a radio station, KRKD, which broadcast live from the window of his Dolphin's of Hollywood record store, in addition to owning numerous small record labels (including Cash, Money, and others). They moved over to Aardell Records (on Selma Ave., Hollywood's Record Row, owned by Bob Ross) in 1955 and began calling themselves the Jaguars, releasing a few singles under that name for the new label, of which the powerful R&B ballad "I Wanted You" is one of their best. Their third attempt succeeded in breaking the group nationally when they covered the Jerome Kern and Dorothy Fields-penned Broadway tune "The Way You Look Tonight," released in 1956 on the R-Dell imprint. The group continued to record -- it was reissued no less than five different times in an attempt to score a national hit, always without success -- but the failed to chart again. ("The Way You Look Tonight" was a hit when the Lettermen recorded it a few years later, in 1961). By 1957, the group moved over to Ebb Records (owned and operated by Lee Rupe, the wife of Specialty Records' owner Art Rupe). Middleton left the lineup the following year and the remaining trio recorded "Thinking of You" with his temporary replacement, L.A. doo wop icon Richard Berry for Original Sound Records, a new label operated by DJ Art Laboe. The song also featured a rather stunning falsetto by Tony Allen and became a minor hit. The Jaguars recorded into the '60s, but finally disbanded after no additional hits. Chaney and Chavez later worked as a duo. Poliuto occasionally performs at the Southern California Doo Wop Society. ~ Bryan Thomas
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